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Treatment & Programs

Integrated Treatment Model

JRA's Integrated Treatment Model is a research-based treatment approach that utilizes cognitive-behavioral and family therapy principles. The model is tailored for use in both residential and parole programs in the JRA continuum of care.

The residential treatment model used in institutions and community facilities focuses on engaging youth in a supportive therapeutic relationship and motivating them to replace problem behaviors with pro-social behaviors to meet their needs and pursue their goals.  Counselors collaborate with youth to examine target behaviors in order to increase the youth’s understanding of the factors influencing their behavior.  Using this information, solutions are created drawing from strengths the youth possesses and new skills they are learning. As youth transition through residential programs, they are provided with numerous opportunities to practice their skills so they can generalize them to new situations.  Families are invited to learn about and participate in treatment to help the youth successfully apply what they have learned when they re-enter the community.  Some of the skills the youth learn are included in the list below. 

  • Mindfulness Skills for decreasing impulsiveness and rigid thinking, and for increasing awareness of thoughts and feelings. 
  • Emotion Regulation Skills for understanding the function of emotions and for managing difficult emotions.
  • Distress Tolerance Skills for managing stress and accepting life’s sometimes painful realities.
  • Interpersonal Effectiveness Skills & Social Skills for pro-social assertiveness, managing conflict, and building healthy relationships.
  • Moral Reasoning Skills for making mature decisions when faced with difficult dilemmas.
  • Anger Management Skills for managing anger without engaging in aggressive behavior.
  • These skills also provide critical “soft skills” necessary for obtaining and maintaining employment.

The behavior change strategies used in the model and skills the youth learn are drawn from Dialectical Behavior Therapy by Marsha Linehan, PhD, as well as from Aggression Replacement Training (ART) by Arnold P. Goldstein, Barry Glick, and John C. Gibbs.

A New Approach To Parole

Every young person leaving JRA residential care needs and receives a period of structured transition and services when they return to family and community. We call this service Functional Family Parole (FFP). Typically, youth and families receive between 5 and 6 months of services. Certain sex offenders are on parole for 24 to 36 months.

Begun in 2002, FFP is the core community component of JRA's cognitive\behavioral based Integrated Treatment Model. The importance of family involvement in the lives of these youngsters cannot be overstated. Family support is critical to preventing youth from re-offending. Using engagement and motivation skills drawn from Functional Family Therapy, JRA parole counselors help families move beyond blaming and negative expectations and reinforce positive changes made by youngsters.

Functional Family Parole Customer Comments

"You really care about us and we appreciate how you treat us with respect and understanding when family issues come up."

-Parent of youth on sex offender parole

"No matter what happens I know I can trust you to help me and my family. Thank you"

-Parent of youth upon discharge from FFP

"Thank you for including me in everything because when my son has had troubles in the past, I felt like no one wanted me to be involved but parole is very different."

-Parent of youth on sex offender parole

"She (Functional Family Parole counselor) has worked hard with us. If we did not succeed totally it was due to our shortcomings and a lot of history between my son and I...She is an excellent counselor and facilitator."

-From a parent in Kennewick, WA

"I really feel like the last session was crucial to our progress as a family. Both my husband and I felt so much better about our family issues after you left (the session) and our evening with our son was wonderful, I am really looking forward to continuing FFT when he comes back."

-From a parent in Yakima, WA

"Thank you for the graduation gift. That was cool and a nice surprise. I can't believe I actually did it. It feels awesome now. You guys have been really great to me and I appreciate it. Thanks again."

-FFP youth

"Thanks for keeping me clean and out of trouble. Keep it up!"

-Kelso FFP youth

"I haven't liked too many authority figures, but you're ok."

-Vancouver FFP youth

"This (FFP) has been very helpful for me, I am trying not to do the things that I have done in the past and being able to talk with someone about it helps me to think about it before it happens."

-Parent of Region 1 FFP youth

"After the FFP counselor leaves the home all of us stay sitting together and continue the talk for another hour about how we work as a family and how to provide good parenting to 4 or 5 teen boys. It's been really helpful."

-Parent of Region 3 FFP youth

For more information contact:
Bob Salsbury

Youth Accountability

JRA has high expectations. Parole contracts signed by each youth specify treatment and programming requirements, the days and times they will report to their counselors, geographic movement restrictions, and prohibited activities (e.g. drug alcohol use) and possessions (e.g. firearms). Youth who violate the conditions of their aftercare contracts are subject to a series of graduated sanctions including curfews; electronic home monitoring; and for repeated and serious violations, return to confinement for up to 30 days.

JRA's Aftercare Is Evidence-Based

JRA is committed to delivering services that really work to reduce recidivism. JRA parole services include Functional Family Therapy, Family Integrative Therapy, Aggression Replacement Training, Multi-disciplinary Case Management, and Mentoring.

A July 2002 Washington State Institute for Public Policy study of 12-month recidivism by JRA youth mentored in a pilot program managed by our Seattle parole office showed that mentored youth were less likely than a matched comparison group to have any new offenses, new felony offenses, or new violent offenses. The 34% drop in new felony offenses is most encouraging. Other research shows that every dollar spent on mentoring will result in more than $7 of future savings. We have expanded youth mentoring to all of our parole service areas.

JRA Community Partnerships

Working together, JRA and its partners are committed to providing quality services to youth and their families that improve young lives, reduce recidivism, and make communities safer. JRA partners include Regional Support Networks (for mental health services), the University of Washington, the DSHS Division of Alcohol and Substance Abuse and Children's Administration, juvenile courts, law enforcement agencies, schools, and private sector treatment providers.

For more information contact:
Bob Salsbury

JRA's Residential Treatment and Care Program (RTCP) operating in the Spokane area of Eastern Washington replicates the Oregon Social Learning Center's Multi-dimensional Treatment Foster Care model. Up to 6 low risk-youth are placed in specialized foster homes in their local community as an alternative to placement in a secure JRA institution in Western Washington. The RTCP engages youth and their families in research-based treatment interventions effective in halting further penetration of youth into the justice and correctional systems. The program is managed by Lutheran Community Services under contract with JRA.

RTCP adolescents are placed singly in a foster family setting for six to nine months. Foster families are recruited, trained, and supported to provide well-supervised placement and treatment. The program provides 24-hour a day case management and coordination of all aspects of youngsters' treatment programs. Youth participate in cognitive/behavioral skill-focused individual treatment. Youth and their families (defined as biological, adoptive, or other aftercare resource; e.g., relative or other guardian) participate in weekly family therapy associated with the model. Frequent contact between youth and their family members, including home visits, are part of the program.
The RTCP requires close monitoring of the youngsters' progress in school, coordination with probation/parole officers; and psychiatric consultation/medication management, as needed.

For more information contact:
Natalie Kenney
(509) 363-5048


Every young person needs a mentor - a dependable adult who will care, will listen, and will advise. Ask any successful person if they had a mentor and their answer will inevitably be “yes”.
The Juvenile Rehabilitation Administration (JRA) has a long established mentoring program. We are grateful for the contributions JRA mentors make in helping young people entangled with the justice system progress to confident, competent, responsible citizenship.


  • Convey this very important message to young people: “You are worth my time and effort”
  • Encourage young people to recognize and use their unique talents
  • Coach young people to make positive choices for their future
  • Assist young people in restoring their place in the community



  • Submit a Volunteer Application
  • Pass a criminal background check
  • Attend training provided by JRA



JRA asks mentors to:

  • Make a commitment to mentor a youth for 12 months
  • Communicate weekly and meet in person at least once monthly with matched youth
  • Attend mentor program seminars, training, and other events as scheduled


For additional Information:

If you are interested in becoming a mentor for a young person under JRA supervision and would like to learn more about how you can participate in our program, please contact the following people:

Chad Kline (Yakima)
(509) 225-7919
JRA Region 1

Arturo Caballero (Spokane)
(509) 363-5039
JRA Region 1

Wiley Grant Carter, Jr. (Seattle, Lynnwood)
Seattle: (206) 639-6021
Lynnwood: (425) 670-6047
JRA Region 2

Major W. Harris, Jr. (SW Washington)
Vancouver (360) 993-7954
Kelso: (360) 501-2479
Lacey: (360) 486-2232
JRA Region 3