WAC 182-513-1363

Effective January 1, 2013

WAC 182-513-1363 Evaluating the transfer of an asset for clients found eligible for long-term care (LTC) services on or after 5/1/2006

Emergency WAC effective 1-1-2014

This section describes how the department evaluates asset transfers made on or after May 1, 2006 and their effect on LTC services. This applies to transfers by the client, spouse, a guardian or through an attorney in fact. Clients subject to asset transfer penalty periods are not eligible for LTC services. LTC services for the purpose of this rule include nursing facility services, services offered in any medical institution equivalent to nursing facility services, and home and community-based services furnished under a waiver program. Program of all-inclusive care of the elderly (PACE) and hospice services are not subject to transfer of asset rules. The department must consider whether a transfer made within a specified time before the month of application, or while the client is receiving LTC services, requires a penalty period.

  • Refer to WAC 182-513-1364 for rules used to evaluate asset transfers made on or after April 1, 2003 and before May 1, 2006.

  • Refer to WAC 182-513-1365 for rules used to evaluate asset transfer made prior to April 1, 2003.

  1. When evaluating the effect of the transfer of asset made on or after May 1, 2006 on the client's eligibility for LTC services the department counts sixty months before the month of application to establish what is referred to as the "look-back" period.

  2. The department does not apply a penalty period to transfers meeting the following conditions:

    1. The total of all gifts or donations transferred do not exceed the average daily private nursing facility  rate in any month;

    2. The transfer is an excluded resource described in WAC 182-513-1350 with the exception of the client's home, unless the transfer of the home meets the conditions described in (d) of this subsection;

    3. The asset is transferred for less than fair market value (FMV), if the client can provide evidence to the department of one of the following:

      1. An intent to transfer the asset at FMV or other adequate compensation. To establish such an intent, the department must be provided with written evidence of attempts to dispose of the asset for fair market value as well as evidence to support the value (if any) of the disposed asset.

      2. The transfer is not made to qualify for LTC services, continue to qualify, or avoid Estate Recovery. Convincing evidence must be presented regarding the specific purpose of the transfer.

      3. All assets transferred for less than fair market value have been returned to the client.

      4. The denial of eligibility would result in an undue hardship as described in WAC 182-513-1367.

    4. The transfer of ownership of the client's home, if it is transferred to the client's:

      1. Spouse; or

      2. Child, who:

        1. Meets the disability criteria described in WAC 182-512-0050 (1) (b) or (c); or

        2. Is less than twenty-one years old; or

        3. Lived in the home for at least two years immediately before the client's current period of institutional status, and provided verified care that enabled the individual to remain in the home. A physician's statement of needed care is required; or

      3. Brother or sister, who has:

        1. Equity in the home; and

        2. Lived in the home for at least one year immediately before the client's current period of institutional status.

    5. The asset is transferred to the client's spouse or to the client's child, if the child meets the disability criteria described in WAC 182-512-0050 (1) (b) or (c);

    6. The transfer meets the conditions described in subsection (3), and the asset is transferred:

      1. To another person for the sole benefit of the spouse;

      2. From the client's spouse to another person for the sole benefit of the spouse;

      3. To trust established for the sole benefit of the individual's child who meets the disability criteria described in WAC 182-512-0050 (1) (b) or (c);

      4. To a trust established for the sole benefit of a person who is sixty-four years old or younger and meets the disability criteria described in WAC 182-512-0050 (1)(b) or (c); or

  3. The department considers the transfer of an asset or the establishment of a trust to be for the sole benefit of a person described in subsection (2)(f), of this section if the transfer or trust:

    1. Is established by a legal document that makes the transfer irrevocable;

    2. Provides that no individual or entity except the spouse, blind or disabled child, or disabled individual can benefit from the assets transferred in any way, whether at the time of the transfer or at any time during the life of the primary beneficiary; and

    3. Provides for spending all assets involved for the sole benefit of the individual on a basis that is actuarially sound based on the life expectancy of that individual or the term or the trust, whichever is less; and

    4. The requirements in subsection (2)(c) of this section do not apply to trusts described in WAC 388-561-0100 (6)(a) and (b) and (7)(a) and (b).

  4. The department does not establish a period of ineligibility for the transfer of an asset to a family member prior to the current period of long-term care service if:

    1. The transfer is in exchange for care services the family member provided the client;

    2. The client has a documented need for the care services provided by the family member;

    3. The care services provided by the family member are allowed under the medicaid state plan or the department's waivered services;

    4. The care services provided by the family member do not duplicate those that another party is being paid to provide;

    5. The FMV of the asset transferred is comparable to the FMV of the care services provided;

    6. The time for which care services are claimed is reasonable based on the kind of services provided; and

    7. Compensation has been paid as the care services were performed or with no more time delay than one month between the provision of the service and payment.

  5. The department considers the transfer of an asset in exchange for care services given by a family member that does not meet the criteria as described under subsection (4) of this section as the transfer of an asset without adequate consideration.

  6. If a client or the client's spouse transfers an asset within the look-back period without receiving adequate compensation, the result is a penalty period in which the client is not eligible for LTC services.

  7. If a client or the client's spouse transfers an asset on or after May 1, 2006, the department must establish a penalty period by adding together the total uncompensated value of all transfers made on or after May 1, 2006. The penalty period:

    1. For a LTC services applicant, begins on the date the client would be otherwise eligible for LTC services based on an approved application for LTC services or the first day after any previous penalty period has ended; or

    2. For a LTC services recipient, begins the first of the month following ten-day advance notice of the penalty period, but no later than the first day of the month that follows three full calendar months from the date of the report or discovery of the transfer; or the first day after any previous penalty period has ended; and

    3. Ends on the last day of the number of whole days found by dividing the total uncompensated value of the assets by the statewide average daily private cost for nursing facilities  at the time of application or the date of transfer, whichever is later.

  8. If an asset is sold, transferred, or exchanged, the portion of the proceeds:

    1. That is used within the same month to acquire an excluded resource described in WAC 182-513-1350 does not affect the client's eligibility;

    2. That remain after an acquisition described in (a) of this section becomes an available resource as of the first day of the following month.

  9. If the transfer of an asset to the client's spouse includes the right to receive a stream of income not generated by a transferred resource, the department must apply rules described in WAC 182-513-1330 (5) through (7).

  10. If the transfer of an asset for which adequate compensation is not received is made to a person other than the client's spouse and includes the right to receive a stream of income not generated by a transferred resource, the length of the penalty period is determined and applied in the following way:

    1. The total amount of income that reflects a time frame based on the actuarial life expectancy of the client who transfers the income is added together;

    2. The amount described in (a) of this subsection is divided by the statewide average daily private cost for nursing facilities at the time of application; and

    3. A penalty period equal to the number of whole days found by following subsections (7)(a), (b), and (c) of this section.

  11. A penalty period for the transfer of an asset that is applied to one spouse is not applied to the other spouse, unless both spouses are receiving LTC services. When both spouses are receiving LTC services;

    1. We divide the penalty between the two spouses.

    2. If one spouse is no longer subject to a penalty (e.g. the spouse is no longer receiving institutional services or is deceased) any remaining penalty that applies to both spouses must be served by the remaining spouse.

  12. If a client or the client's spouse disagrees with the determination or application of a penalty period, that person may request a hearing as described in chapter 182-526 WAC.

  13. Additional statutes which apply to transfer of asset penalties, real property transfer for inadequate consideration, disposal of realty penalties, and transfers to qualify for assistance can be found at:

    1. RCW 74.08.331 Unlawful practices -- Obtaining assistance -- Disposal of realty;

    2. RCW 74.08.338 Real property transfers for inadequate consideration;

    3. RCW 74.08.335 Transfers of property to qualify for assistance; and

    4. RCW 74.39A.160 Transfer of assets--Penalties.

This is a reprint of the official rule as published by the Office of the Code Reviser. If there are previous versions of this rule, they can be found using the Legislative Search page.