WAC 388-513-1380

Effective November 22, 2012

WAC 388-513-1380 Determining a client's financial participation in the cost of care for long-term care (LTC) services



This rule describes how the department allocates income and excess resources when determining participation in the cost of care (in the post-eligibility process). The department applies rules described in WAC 388-513-1315  to define which income and resources must be used in this process.

  1. For a client receiving institutional or hospice services in a medical institution, the department applies all subsections of this rule.
  2. For a client receiving waiver services at home or in an alternate living facility, the department applies only those subsections of this rule that are cited in the rules for those programs.
  3. For a client receiving hospice services at home, or in an alternate living facility, the department applies rules used for the community options program entry system (COPES) for hospice applicants with income under the Medicaid special income level (SIL). (300% of the Federal Benefit Rate  (FBR)), if the client is not otherwise eligible for another noninstitutional categorically needy Medicaid program. (Note: For hospice applicants with income over the Medicaid SIL medically needy Medicaid rules apply.)
  4. The department allocates nonexcluded income in the following order and the combined total of (4)(a), (b), (c), and (d) cannot exceed the effective one-person medically needy income level (MNIL): 
      1. Seventy dollars for the following clients who live in a state veteran's home and receive a needs based veteran's pension in excess of ninety dollars:
        1. A veteran without a spouse or dependent child.
        2. A veteran's surviving spouse with no dependent children 
      2. The difference between one hundred sixty dollars and the needs based veteran's pension amount for persons specified in subsection (4) (a) (i) of this section who receive a veteran's pension less than ninety dollars;
      3. One hundred sixty dollars for a client living in a state veterans' home who does not receive a needs based veteran's pension; 
      4. Forty-one dollars and sixty-two cents for all clients in a medical institution receiving ABD cash assistance.
      5. For all other clients in a medical institution the PNA is fifty-seven dollars and twenty-eight cents.
      6. Current PNA and long-term care standards can be found at http://www.dshs.wa.gov/manuals/eaz/sections/LongTermCare/LTCstandardspna.shtml
    1. Mandatory federal, state, or local income taxes owed by the client.
    2. Wages for a client who:
      1. Is related to the supplemental security income (SSI) program as described in WAC 182-512-0050 (1) ; and
      2. Receives the wages as part of a department-approved training or rehabilitative program designed to prepare the client for a less restrictive placement. When determining this deduction employment expenses are not deducted.
    3. Guardianship fees and administrative costs including any attorney fees paid by the guardian, after June 15, 1998, only as allowed by chapter 388-79 WAC.
  5. The department allocates nonexcluded income after deducting amounts described in subsection (4) in the following order:
    1. Current or back child support garnished or withheld from income according to a child support order in the month of the garnishment if it is for the current month:
      1. For the time period covered by the PNA; and
      2. Is not counted as the dependent member's income when determining the family allocation amount.
    2. monthly maintenance needs allowance  for the community spouse not to exceed, effective January 1, 2008, two thousand six hundred ten dollars, unless a greater amount is allocated as described in subsection (7) of this section. The community spouse maintenance allowance may change each January based on the consumer price index.  Starting January 1, 2008 and each year thereafter the community spouse maintenance allocation can be found in the long-term care standards chart.  The monthly maintenance needs allowance:
      1. Consists of a combined total of both:
        1. One hundred fifty percent of the two person federal poverty level. This standard may change annually on July 1st; and
        2. Excess shelter expenses as described under subsection (6) of this section; and
      2. Is reduced by the community spouse's gross countable income; and
      3. Is allowed only to the extent the client's income is made available to the community spouse.
    3. monthly maintenance needs amount  for each minor or dependent child, dependent parent or dependent sibling of the community spouse or institutionalized person who:
      1. Resides with the community spouse:
        1. For each child, one hundred and fifty percent of the two-person FPL minus that child's income and divided by three (child support received from a noncustodial parent is considered the child's income). This standard is called the community spouse (CS) and family maintenance standard and can be found at: http://www.dshs.wa.gov/manuals/eaz/sections/LongTermCare/LTCstandardspna.shtml
        2. Does not reside with the community spouse or institutionalized person, in an amount equal to the effective one-personMNIL  for the number of dependent family members in the home less the dependent family member's income.
        3. Child support received from noncustodial parent is the child's income.
    4. Medical expenses incurred by the institutional client and not used to reduce excess resources. Allowable medical expenses and reducing excess resources are described in WAC 388-513-1350.
    5. Maintenance of the home of a single institutional client or institutionalized couple:
      1. Up to one hundred percent of the one-person federal poverty level  per month;
      2. Limited to a six-month period;
      3. When a physician has certified that the client is likely to return to the home within the six-month period; and
      4. When social services staff documents the need for the income exemption.
  6. For the purposes of this section, "excess shelter expenses" means the actual expenses under subsection (6)(b) less the standard shelter allocation under subsection (6)(a). For the purposes of this rule:
    1. The standard shelter allocation  is five hundred fourteen dollars. This standard is based on thirty percent of one hundred fifty percent of the two person federal poverty level. This standard may change annually on July 1st and is found at http://www.dshs.wa.gov/manuals/eaz/sections/LongTermCare/LTCstandardspna.shtml; and
    2. Shelter expenses are the actual required maintenance expenses for the community spouse's principal residence for:
      1. Rent;
      2. Mortgage;
      3. Taxes and insurance;
      4. Any maintenance care for a condominium or cooperative; and
      5. The food stamp standard utility allowance described in WAC 388-450-0195  provided the utilities are not included in the maintenance charges for a condominium or cooperative.
  7. The amount allocated to the community spouse may be greater than the amount in subsection (6)(b) only when:
    1. A court enters an order against the client for the support of the community spouse; or
    2. A hearings officer determines a greater amount is needed because of exceptional circumstances resulting in extreme financial duress.
  8. A client who is admitted to a medical facility for ninety days or less and continues to receive full SSI benefits is not required to use the SSI income in the cost of care for medical services. Income allocations are allowed as described in this section from non-SSI income.
  9. Standards described in this section for long-term care can be found at: http://www.dshs.wa.gov/manuals/eaz/sections/LongTermCare/LTCstandardspna.shtml

This is a reprint of the official rule as published by the Office of the Code Reviser. If there are previous versions of this rule, they can be found using the Legislative Search page.