4302A. Educational Services and Planning: Early Childhood Development, K-12 and Post-Secondary

Approval:  Jennifer Strus, Assistant Secretary

Original Date:  July 28, 2013

Revised Date:  July 1, 2017

Policy Review:  June 30, 2021


Purpose 

Ongoing educational progress is vital to support early childhood development and school success for all children in the care or custody of Children's Administration (CA).

Definitions

Home schooling is when a child is receiving home-based educational instruction from his or her caregiver.  The caregiver providing the home-based instruction is responsible for developing the curriculum being taught to the child, ensuring the annual assessment is administered, maintaining necessary records, etc.

Alternative Learning Experience (ALE) is a form of public education that provides instruction in an on-line, remote or site-based setting. The curriculum being used by the instructor is developed, approved and monitored by the school district.

Private school is a non-public school which meets a minimum set of state standards of health, safety, and education established and approved by the Washington State Board of Education. Credits obtained at a private school may not transfer directly to public school.

Scope

This policy applies to Division of Children and Family Services staff.

Laws

RCW 13.34.045  Education liaison identification

RCW 28A.150.510  Transmittal of Education Records to DSHS

RCW 28A.225.010  Attendance mandatory - Age - Exceptions

RCW 74.13.550  Child Placement

PL 110-351  Fostering Connections to Success and Increasing Adoptions Act of 2008

PL 112-34  The Child and Family Services Improvement and Innovation Act

PL 114-95  Elementary and Secondary Act of 1965

Policy

  1. Children who enter out-of-home care or change placements will remain at the school they were attending, whenever it is practical and in the best interest of the child.
  2. All school-aged children in out-of-home placement will attend public school, unless they are court approved for home schooling, private school or to participate in an ALE instruction conducted 100% on-line in the child’s placement setting. Children placed under a Voluntary Placement Agreement only require CA approval.
  3. The ongoing educational needs of children in out-of-home care will be addressed with the child and caregiver at each placement. This includes completing and updating the education information on the Child Information and Placement Referral form 15-300 at each placement change.
  4. All school-aged children in out-of-home care will have a completed Education Plan in FamLink that is updated at least every six months and attached to the court report.
    1. The Education Plan will address the child’s physical, emotional, or behavioral needs and any issues that impair his or her learning abilities. The plan should be reviewed at each placement change.
    2. The request and receipt of academic records must be documented in the education plan and attached to the court report.
  5. CA will facilitate post-secondary education planning for children in out-of-home care.
  6. All children will be referred for services when a developmental concern is suspected.Refer children:
    1. Birth through two years of age to the appropriate early intervention agency within two working days of the concern being identified.
    2. Three through 17 years of age to the Child Find program or local school district for an assessment.
  7. An Educational Liaison will be identified for children and youth grades six through twelve at shelter care and subsequent dependency review hearings if:
    1. Parental rights have been terminated;
    2. Parents are unavailable because of incarceration or other limitations;
    3. The court has restricted contact between the youth and parents; or
    4. The youth is placed in a behavioral rehabilitative setting and the court has limited the educational rights of the parents.

Procedures

The caseworker will:

  1. Coordinate with child's school district to:
    1. Keep the child enrolled in the school they were attending when he or she entered care or changed placement when it is practical and in the best interest of the child. This includes transportation planning.
    2. Confirm the child is enrolled and attending school within three days of an initial out-of-home placement.
    3. Request any missing academic or medical records required for school enrollment within ten business days.
    4. Request updated records and education information as needed when there is a change in schools or change in out-of-home placement and at the end of each school year.
    5. Notify the child's previous and new school when an out-of-home placement change occurs and when the child is returned home by providing the completed School Notification Form DSHS 27-093 to the schools.
    6. Advocate for appropriate services to meet the child's academic, medical, mental health and social-emotional needs. This includes participating in school meetings such as disciplinary or special education reviews.
    7. Pay any unpaid fees or fines owed by the child to the school or school district.
    8. Notify all legal parties to the case when a school disruption occurs (e.g. discipline, hospitalization, juvenile detention, etc.).
  2. Obtain approval annually and/or when there is a change in caregivers for a child to:
    1. Be home schooled;
    2. Participate in an ALE instruction that is 100% on-line and in the child’s placement setting (excludes group homes with an established school campus); or
    3. Attend a Washington State Board approved private school that does not use corporal punishment. Caseworkers must verify the private school is on the list of Approved Private Schools in Washington State and confirm with the private school that corporal punishment is not included in their discipline policies.
    4. Complete the DCFS Administrative Approval Request form DSHS 05-210 and verify the request:
      1. Supports the child’s safety and well-being needs (e.g. developmental, physical and social-emotional);
      2. Promotes inclusion in the caregiver’s home and other events and activities; and
      3. Is consistent with the child’s case plan.
    5. If the request is for home schooling, obtain and attach a copy of the approved declaration from the school stating the caregiver has been approved to home school the child.
    6. Regional Education leads must review the DCFS Administrative Approval Request form DSHS 05-210 to:
      1. Review the reasons for the request.
      2. Consult with the caseworker if there are additional interventions or resources that can be explored.
    7. Obtain regional administrator or designee approval on the DCFS Administrative Approval Request form DSHS 05-210.
    8. Obtain approval from Director of Field Operations on DCFS Administrative Approval Request form DSHS 05-210.
    9. For children in shelter care status or dependent, obtain court approval if approved by Director of Field Operations.
    10. Provide a copy of the approved DCFS Administrative Approval Request form DSHS 05-210 and attachments to the Division of Licensing Resources licensor if the child is approved for home schooling and the caregiver is licensed.
  3. If a youth requests to participate in an international study program, obtain:
    1. Parent’s approval if the youth is not legally-free.
    2. Approval outlined in the 6100 Travel policy.
  4. Refer a school-aged child to appropriate programs within two working days after a concern has been identified (e.g. Education Advocacy Program, Graduation Success, school counselor, etc).
  5. If a child qualifies for early child intervention services, collaborate with the local service provider and the child's caregiver to enroll the child in the appropriate services and develop the Individual Family Service Plan (IFSP).
  6. Provide the child's out-of-home caregiver with copies of necessary school records including IFSP, Individual Education Plan (IEP) or 504 Plans.
  7. Monitor the child’s ongoing academic progress including most current grades, state test scores, attendance and credits, when applicable, to make sure the child is prepared to progress to the next grade level and is on track to graduate. If the child is home schooled, review the end of year assessment to determine if academic progress is being made.
  8. Engage child and caregiver in reviewing the child’s progress and planning for academic success.
  9. Provide copies of all education records to foster youth age fifteen through eighteen years prior to the youth turning eighteen years old as defined in the Transition Plan policy.
  10. Involve youth in post-high school planning including options for post-secondary education and career or vocational training. This includes scholarships, financial aid, Education Training Voucher Program, etc.
  11. Document the child’s state student identification (SSID) number, education progress and needs in the FamLink Education Pages. This includes completing and updating the FamLink Education page at least every six months.

Forms

Child Information and Placement Form DSHS 15-300

School Notification Form DSHS 27-093

DCFS Administrative Approval Request form DSHS 05-210

Resources

DSHS CA FamLink Education Page eLearning (available in LMS)

Education Advocacy Guide DSHS 22-1192

Social Worker's Practice Guide to Education: for Children and Youth in Foster Care DSHS 22-1185

Helping Foster Children Achieve Educational Stability and Success Guide DSHS 22-1210

Students in Foster Care - What Schools Need to Know DSHS 22-002

Independence.wa.gov

Early Support for Infants and Toddlers (ESIT)

Caseworker’s Guide to Transition Planning

Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction Foster Care Education Program site