Employment and Day Programs

Individual Supported Employment

Individual Supported Employment services are a part of an individual’s pathway to employment and are tailored to individual needs, interests, abilities, and promote career development.

  • These are individualized services necessary to help persons with developmental disabilities get and continue integrated employment at or above the state’s minimum wage in the general workforce.
  • These services may include intake, discovery, assessment, job preparation, job marketing, job supports, record keeping and support to maintain a job.

Group Supported Employment

Group Supported Employment services are a part of an individual’s pathway to integrated jobs in typical community employment.  These services are intended to be short-term and:

  • Include the elements outlined in Individual Supported Employment
  • Offer ongoing supervised employment for groups of no more than eight workers with disabilities in the same setting
  • Service outcome is sustained paid employment leading to further career development in integrated employment at or above minimum wage.

Examples include enclaves, mobile crews, and other business models employing small groups of workers with disabilities in integrated employment in community settings.

Pre-Vocational Services

Pre-Vocational services (sheltered work) are a part of an individual’s pathway to integrated jobs in typical community employment.  This service category is closed to new clients at this time per the Washington State DDA Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services transition plan.

  • Pre-Vocational services (often called sheltered workshops because of the segregated setting in which the work takes place) generally provide training and skill development to groups of people with disabilities in the same setting.
  • Services are intended to be short term and include the elements described in Individual Supported Employment.

Community Access Services

Community Access services are individualized services provided in typical integrated community settings. Services and activities:

  • Promote the persons’ competence, integration, physical or mental abilities
  • Are for individuals who are 62 or older who have retired or choose to not work after seeking employment for 9 months.
  • Assist individuals to participate in integrated activities, events and organizations in the local community in ways similar to others of similar age.
  • Provide opportunities to develop relationships and to learn, practice and apply skills that result in greater independence and community inclusion.

These services may be authorized instead of employment support (Individual Employment, Group Supported Employment or Pre-Vocational services) for working age individuals (age 21 or older).

Individualized Technical Assistance

Individualized Technical Assistance services provide assessment and consultation to the service provider, client and their support system to identify and address existing barriers to employment.

  • This service provides assessment and consultation to the employment provider to identify and address existing barriers to employment.
  • This is in addition to supports received through supported employment services or pre-vocational services for individuals who have not yet achieved their employment goal.