Treatment of Income Chart

Revised October 20, 2017

Purpose:

NOTE:   A blank box means that no information is available at this time.

Income Type

Cash Assistance 

Basic Food

SSI-Related Medical

Additional Requirements for Emergent Needs (AREN) N/A

Excluded - When paid to a Third Party

Unearned - When paid directly to the client

Excluded

Adoption Support

Excluded

Unearned

Excluded

Adult family home

See WAC 388-450-0080

Advance on wages (draws)

Earned

Agent Orange Act of 1991 

Excluded

Unearned - Monthly payments

Lump sum - See LUMP SUM PAYMENTS

Excluded

Agent Orange disability payments, PL 101-201

Excluded

 

Alaska Permanent Fund distributions

Unearned

 

Alimony or spousal maintenance

Excluded - When client receives TANF/SFA and payment is included with child support order

Unearned - All other payments

Unearned

AmeriCorps income and all payments under the National and Community Service Trust Act of 1993

Excluded See WAC 388-450-0045                                                                                

Excluded See WAC 182-512-0780

AmeriCorps VISTA or Vista income

(NOTE: This is not the same as AmeriCorps only - See above)

Excluded

Excluded: If the VISTA volunteer received Basic Food or cash benefits when they joined the VISTA program,

Earned: If the person was a VISTA volunteer when they applied for benefits.

See WAC 388-450-0045

Excluded  See WAC 182-512-0780

Annuity

Unearned

Assistance from other agencies and organizations

See WAC 388-450-0055

See WAC 182-512-0600

Austrian General Social Insurance Act payments under section 500 through 506

Excluded

Unearned - Interest received on these payments

Income Type

Cash Assistance 

Basic Food

SSI-Related Medical

Blood or plasma sales

Earned - See WAC 388-450-0080

Bona fide loans 

Excluded

Bonus

Earned - When received as an employee

Unearned - When received on an ongoing basis after employment has terminated

See LUMP SUM PAYMENTS - When received as one-time-payment after employment has terminated 

Earned - Incentive bonus based on employee performance

Unearned - All other bonus

Bureau of Indian Affairs General Assistance 

Unearned

Excluded - See GENERAL INCOME EXCLUSIONS

Burial fund increase

Excluded - See RESOURCES

Excluded

Income Type

Cash Assistance 

Basic Food

SSI-Related Medical

Cash benefits reduced as a result of sanction or non-cooperation

N/A

Unearned

 

Cash payments from government, public, or private medical or social service agency

See specific income type

Excluded - When provided for medical or social services

See WAC 182-512-0860

Cash prizes, awards. lottery winnings

See LUMP SUM PAYMENTS

Unearned

CEAP

N/A

Excluded

Excluded

CEAP - For TANF/SFA households terminated while in WorkFirst sanction within the last six months.
(NCS termination) 

Unearned - TANF/SFA

Excluded

Excluded

Census Bureau wages

 

Excluded - Earnings from temporary work for the recent census

Earned  - Earnings from permanent census employment

Charitable cash donations 

See WAC 388-450-0055

See WAC 388-450-0055 See WAC 182-512-0600

Child support received by the client, including arrears

Child support matrix

 

Excluded - TANF/SFA recipients

Unearned - Non-TANF/SFA

Unearned - of the child for whom it is intended

Civil liberties payments, PL 100-383. Restitution payments made under the Wartime Relocation of Civilian's Act

Excluded

COLA increases in Title II SSA benefits

Unearned

See Income Special Disregards

Combat Veteran Program Funds

Excluded

 

Combat Pay - Special Pay while serving in a combat zone.

Excluded

Increased amount paid to assistance unit while service member is deployed to a combat zone.

 

Court Ordered Payments other than Child Support

Lump-Sum Payment

Amount paid as a one-time payment

Unearned

Amount paid in multiple (more than one) payments

Lump-Sum Payment - Amount paid as a one-time payment

See COUNTABLE INCOME AND LUMP SUM PAYMENT

Unearned - Amount paid in multiple (more than one) payments

Crime Victims Compensation Funds funded under PL 103-322 (Whether ran by state or federal program.)

Excluded

Crime Victims Compensation (State-funded benefit through L&I)

Unearned - Amount paid to replace lost wages

Reimbursement - See Reimbursements in this table

 
Crowd Funding Income (GoFund Me, Kickstarter, Indiegogo) Unearned Excluded - Counts as a liquid resource  

Income Type

Cash Assistance 

Basic Food

SSI-Related Medical

Deemed income from an alien's sponsor

Unearned - See WAC 388-450-0155, WAC 388-450-0156 and WAC 388-450-0160

Unearned - See WACs 182-512-0790 and 182-512-0795

Disaster assistance to farmers when authorized under the Secretary of Agriculture under PL 100-387

Excluded

Disaster relief & emergency assistance under PL 93-288, amended by PL 100-707 

Excluded

Disaster Unemployment Assistance (DUA)

Excluded

Diversion Cash Assistance (DCA)

N/A

Excluded - See LUMP SUM PAYMENTS

Excluded

Dividends or Interest

Unearned

Drug (illicit) sales

Earned - Self-employment

 

Income Type

Cash Assistance 

Basic Food

SSI-Related Medical

Earned income of a child

Excluded when meets the conditions in WAC 388-450-0070; otherwise Earned.

Earned Income In-Kind  (working in exchange for rent, vehicle, TV)

Earned

Excluded

Earned - If available income was diverted to in-kind income

Earned

Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC)

Excluded - See RESOURCES

Excluded – see WAC 182-512-0860

Economic Opportunity Act

Earned

Educational benefits 

Title IV (grants/loans/ work-study) and Opportunity Grants

Excluded

WorkFirst or state-funded college work study Excluded

Unearned

See WAC 388-450-0035 to allocate expenses.

Excluded
Other educational assistance including Veteran's Administration and Carl D. Perkins Vocational & Applied Tech Act

Unearned

See WAC 388-450-0035 to allocate expenses.

Unearned

See WAC 182-512-0760 to allocate expenses.

Egg or sperm donation

Earned (Self-Employment) See WAC 388-450-0080

Energy assistance payments (LIHEAP)

Excluded

Income Type

Cash Assistance 

Basic Food

SSI-Related Medical

Fellowships with work requirements

Earned

 

Flexible benefits

Earned - When client has option to cash out.  (Count the amount client can receive as cash whether or not they choose to receive the benefit in cash.)  See INCOME - Ownership and Availability

 

Food benefits under the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 (includes tribal commodities)

Excluded

N/A

Persons cannot receive Basic Food and commodities through the Food Distribution Program on Indian Reservations (FDPIR) at the same time.

Excluded

Food Service Program for Children under the National School Lunch Act of 1966, PL 92-433 and 93-150

Excluded

 

Foster Care Maintenance Payments

 

See WACs 388-450-0015 and 388-454-0015.

Excluded - When child receiving Foster Care payments isn’t included in the cash AU.

A child can’t receive foster care payments and TANF/SFA cash assistance at the same time. 

 

 

Unearned - When child is in AU

Excluded - When child isn't in AU

Foster care retainer fees

Earned

Unearned

Earned

Foster Grandparents Program under Title II of P.L. 93-113

Excluded

Funds for shared household costs

Excluded

Income Type

Cash Assistance 

Basic Food

SSI-Related Medical

Gambling winnings

Unearned

Gate money from adult corrections

Unearned

Excluded - See LUMP SUM PAYMENTS

 

Gift Cards

Excluded

See Income Special Types Excluded – if not for food, clothing or shelter.

Gifts

See WAC 388-450-0065

Cash

Excluded ≤ $30/quarter

Unearned ≥ $30/quarter

 
Non-cash

See Resources 

 

Gifts to Children with life-threatening conditions, PL 105-306

N/A See WAC 182-512-0820
Health Profession Opportunity Grant (HPOG) funds See Educational Benefits

HUD Community Development block grant funds

Excluded

HUD rental and/or utility subsidies under Section 8 of the housing act

Excluded

Income Type

Cash Assistance 

Basic Food

SSI-Related Medical

Income a client's ineligible or non-applying spouse receives from a government agency (such as CHORE services)

See specific income type

Excluded

Income specifically excluded from being counted as income under federal law 

Excluded

Income Tax refund

Excluded

Income which causes a client to lose SSI eligibility due solely to the reduction in the state supplement (SSP)

See specific income type

Excluded

Individual & Family Services (IFS) payments

N/A

Excluded

Infrequent or irregular income 

 

Excluded - If not reasonably anticipated. 

Unearned - If reasonably anticipated and greater than $30/quarter.

Excluded - Up to $30 earned per quarter

Excluded - Up to $60 unearned per quarter

Insurance settlements 

Excluded - See LUMP SUM PAYMENTS

See COUNTABLE INCOME AND LUMP SUM PAYMENT

Interest received on repayments made to the client

Unearned

Investment income

Unearned

Income Type

Cash Assistance 

Basic Food

SSI-Related Medical

Job Corps income under WIA (WIOA)See WAC 388-450-0045

Excluded

Excluded – children ≤ 18 under parental control.

Earned – children ≤ 18 not under parental control or ≥19.

Excluded

See WAC 182-512-0780

Joint bank accounts *

Unearned - If client withdraws more than their share of the money

Jury duty income

Excluded

Excluded - Reimbursement

Earned - Daily pay over a period of time

One-Time-Payment - See Infrequent or irregular income

Unearned

Life estate income

Unearned

Loan repayments made to clients (principal only)

Excluded

Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Act (LIHEAA) under P.L. 99-425

Excluded

Lump Sum Payments

Excluded if awarded for wrongful death, personal injury, damage or loss of property.

Unearned – all other lump sums.

See WAC 388-455-0015

Excluded

Unearned - If a cash gift, See WAC 388-450-0065   Gifts - Cash and noncash

 

Income Type

Cash Assistance 

Basic Food

SSI-Related Medical

Maternity leave pay (client still employed)

Earned

Meals

Disregarded - When provided by employer at no charge

Earned - When deducted from paycheck by employer

Earned - When received in lieu of wages

Military pay

Earned - Include total entitlements as the gross monthly income.

See Combat Pay for specific Combat Pay information.

Money excluded by the Social Security Administration (SSA) in a Plan for Achieving Self-Support (PASS) Under PL 102-237

Excluded

 

Money received for an absent or non-household member

Excluded

Unearned - Any portion retained by the AU

 

Money withheld for repayment

Excluded

Unearned - For intentional non-compliance with federal or state means-tested program overpayments

Excluded - All other overpayments

 

Montgomery GI Bill

See  Educational Benefits – Veteran’s Administration

Monthly allowances paid to children of Vietnam Veterans who are born with birth defects, PL 106-419,  PL 104-204

Excluded

 

Native American benefits & payments

See WAC 388-450-0040

Nutrition Assistance Program (NAP) benefits from Puerto Rico, American Samoa, or Northern Mariana Islands

Excluded

Excluded

Excluded

Income Type

Cash Assistance 

Basic Food

SSI-Related Medical

Ongoing Additional Requirements 

Excluded

Excluded - Amount for service animal food

Unearned - All other ongoing additional requirements

 

On-the-job training (OJT) wages

See WAC 388-450-0045

Excluded if payments issued under WIA (WIOA) or support services from WorkFirst

Earned if training payments from vocational and rehabilitative programs are recognized by federal, state or local governments and if payment isn’t reimbursement

Excluded if for children ≤18 and under parental control for payments issued under WIA (WIOA)

 

Earned if client is ≥19 years old or ≤18 and not under parental control for payments under WIA (WIOA)

 

Opportunity Grants

See Educational Benefits

Panhandling

Unearned

 

PASS income is money excluded by the Social Security Administration (SSA) in a Plan for Achieving Self-Support (PASS) Under PL 102-237

Excluded

Payments under the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 P.L. 89-642

Excluded

Payments form the Dutch Government, under the Netherlands ' Act on Benefits for Victims of Persecution (WUV)

Excluded

Excluded

Unearned - Interest earned on these payments

Payments under the Federal Republic of Germany 's Law for Compensation of National Socialist Persecution or German Restitution Act

Excluded

Excluded

Unearned - Interest earned on these payments

Payments Under the Filipino Veterans Equity Compensation Fund

(Division A, Title X, Section1002 of American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 ARRA)

Excluded

Payments to persons age 55 and older under the Senior Community Services Employment Program (SCSEP) under Title V of the Older Americans Act of 1987.

Excluded

Earned if paid as a wage or salary

Excluded if reimbursement of expenses or payment for services such as education, clothing or transportation.

Pensions

Unearned

Prostitution

Earned - Self-employment

 

Public assistance (including tribal TANF)

Unearned

Income Type

Cash Assistance 

Basic Food

SSI-Related Medical

Radiation exposure compensation, under PL 101-426 and PL 106-398 Energy Employees Occupational Illness Compensation Act (EEOICA) 2000.

Excluded

Railroad Retirement Benefits (RRB)

Unearned

Real estate / mortgage sales and contracts

Contract - See RESOURCES

Unearned - Payments from contract

Unearned

Re-Employ Washington Workers (RWW) cash incentive

N/A

Unearned

N/A

Refund by any public agency of taxes paid on real property or on food

 N/A

Excluded

Reimbursements

Excluded

Unearned - Amounts in Excess of expenses

Earned - Amounts in Excess of expenses when paid by employer

Excluded

Unearned - Amounts that cover normal living expenses

 

Rental or lease property income See WAC 388-450-0080

EarnedSelf-employment – if spending 20 hours/week or more managing the property

Unearned – if spending less than 20 hours/week managing the property. 

 

Representative payee fees

N/A

Excluded - When set up by SSA for SSI / SSDI recipients

  • Must not exceed the lesser of 10% of the monthly payment or $33.
  • Alcohol or drug payee fees must not exceed the lesser of 10% or $64.

SSA periodically adjusts the fees that a payee may charge for persons who receive SSI or SSD

Unearned - For all others

Excluded

Residuals

Earned

 

Retirement

Unearned

Retired Senior Volunteer Program (RSVP) under Title II of P.L. 93-113

Excluded

 

Retroactive benefits (SSA, SSI, PA, UC, and VA)

Excluded - See LUMP SUM PAYMENTS  

Excluded

Retroactive WCCC payments 

Excluded

Excluded - See RESOURCES

 

Reverse mortgage

Excluded

Ricky Ray Hemophilia Relief Fund Act of 1998

Unearned

Excluded

 

Room and board income

See WAC 388-450-0080

Royalties

Unearned

Earned

Income Type

Cash Assistance

Basic Food

SSI-Related Medical

Savings bond interest

Unearned

Securities income

Unearned

Security deposit refunds

Excluded

See RESOURCES

Disregarded

Self-employment income

WAC 388-450-0080388-450-0085

EarnedSelf-employment

 

Self-employment income normally allowed as an income deductions by the IRS

Excluded

   

Senior Companion Program under Title II of P.L. 93-113

  Excluded

Settlements

See LUMP SUM PAYMENTS

 

Shared leave

Earned

Sick leave pay (client still employed)

Earned

SSDI

Unearned

SSI

Excluded

See WAC 388-408-0020 – client receiving SSI can’t receive TANF/SFA.

Unearned

SSI Income or State Supplement Payment (SSP) 

Excluded

Unearned

Excluded

Strike benefits

Unearned

 

Strike benefits for picket duty

Earned

Unearned

 

Student loans

See Educational Benefits

Summer youth employment or training programs

Earned

Excluded – for children who meet age, school/attendance per WACs 388-450-0070 and 388-404-0005.

Excluded

 

Support payment on behalf of a household member (paid directly to a third party)

See Vendor Payment in Worker Responsibilities

Excluded

Surrogate mother services

Earned - Self-employment

Earned - Self-employment

 

Susan Walker v. Bayer Corporation, settlement funds

N/A

Unearned - Monthly Payment

Lump Sum - See LUMP SUM PAYMENTS

Excluded

Unearned - Interest earned on these payments

Income Type

Cash Assistance

Basic Food

SSI-Related Medical

Tax rebates or special payments excluded under other laws

Excluded

Time loss compensation

Unearned See WAC 388-450-0010

Tips

Earned

Unearned - Under $20

Earned - Over $20

Title I, II, III of the Domestic Volunteer Act of 1973, PL 93-113 - Including VISTA

Excluded

Unearned (See WAC 388-450-0045 for exceptions)  

Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act

Earned

 

Title I of the National & Community Service Trust Act of 1993 (NCSA) (includes AmeriCorps Programs & Higher Education Service - Learning Program)

Excluded - See WAC 388-450-0045

Training allowances for ABD/HEN clients

See WAC 388-450-0045

Training allowances from vocational and rehabilitation programs

Earned when federal, state, or local government recognizes program and allowance isn’t a reimbursement.

See WAC 388-450-0045

Travel advances

Earned - If a contract exists

Earned - Minus expenses if no contract exists

 

Unearned income in-kind (supplied)

Excluded

Unearned

Unemployment Compensation (UC) - before deductions

Unearned

Uniform Relocation Assistance & Real Property Acquisition Policies Act of 1970, PL 94-646, section 218

Excluded

 

Income Type

Cash Assistance

Basic Food

SSI-Related Medical

Vacation pay

Earned

Earned - if still employed

Excluded - Lump sum and if employment terminated

Unearned - More than one payment and if employment terminated

 

Vendor payments

Excluded

Veteran Administration benefits (service connected compensation or improved pension)

Unearned

Unearned

Veteran's benefits designated for the veteran's dependent

Unearned

Excluded to the individual

Countable income to the dependent/spouse

Veteran's benefits designated as aid and attendance or housebound allowance

Unearned

Excluded

Veteran's benefits designated as Unusual Medical Expenses (UME)

Unearned

Excluded

Victims of Nazi Persecution payments under P.L. 103-286

Excluded

VOLAG - One time payments

Excluded

 

VOLAG - Ongoing payments including Matching Grant Program

Unearned Counted as assistance from another agency or organization under WAC 388-450-0055.

Wages, salaries, commissions, profits

Earned

Witness pay

Excluded - See WAC 388-450-0055

Excluded  - Reimbursement

Earned  - Daily pay over a period of time

If a One-time-payment - See Infrequent or irregular income

 

Women, Infants & Children benefits (WIC)

Excluded

Work-Based Learning income for RISE participants Excluded

Work experience wages from Employment Security Department

See OJT

WorkFirst Supportive Service payments

Excluded

See WAC 388-450-0045

 

     

WorkForce Training Funds - Training Completion (TECA)

See WAC 388-450-0055

Unearned  - May be reduced by educational expenses

 

Work related expenses

N/A

Excluded - If impairment related

Work study

See Educational Benefits